10-20% of women in their reproductive age reading this have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Only half of those who have PCOS will be properly diagnosed.
You have probably been told that polycystic ovarian syndrome is only for women who have cysts on their ovaries, this is wrong. Not all PCOS presents with cysts. PCOS is more of a metabolic condition due to blood sugar imbalances. For a long time, medicine thought that PCOS was due to male hormone imbalances (testosterone and androgen hormones). However, with more recent research, we are able to understand nowadays that PCOS is more than acne, period pain, irregular period and cysts on the ovaries. PCOS is correlated with insulin sensitivity, which leads to diabetes. Based on that, one of the conventional treatments to PCOS is prescribing Metformin, which is used as a diabetes drug, and helps manage blood sugar levels.
For the reasons above, many who suffer with PCOS are under-diagnosed, and it usually takes YEARS before someone who is curious about your health will sit down, listen to you, map your hormones and dive deep into diagnosis.
Women are usually misdiagnosed and have difficulty getting pregnant. The reason they are misdiagnosed is because some of them don’t have the cysts, however still have PCOS. PCOS is much more than your cysts, and one of the highest reason for infertility.
The reasons why you may have cysts, is because typically multiple eggs ripen and don’t get released, remaining on the ovaries. These eggs may be filled with fluid or chocolate like blood. When they burst, they cause extreme menstrual pain. Ovulation is a struggle in PCOS, therefore periods are often missed and irregular.
It’s important to treat PCOS because if left untreated, there are complications that may arise such as infertility, diabetes, heart disease, increased risk for endometrial cancer etc.